All species of birds are at risk
What is Newcastle Disease?
Exotic Newcastle Disease (END) is
What causes Newcastle Disease?
Newcastle Disease is caused by a Paramyxovirus.
What are the signs and symptoms
END affects the respiratory, nervous
How does Exotic Newcastle Disease
Healthy birds are infected when there
Are pet birds at risk of END?
Smuggling pet birds, especially Amazon
Are humans at risk of getting END?
END does not pose a threat to humans.
Are waterfowl and migratory birds
Yes, cormorants and pelicans were
What can poultry producers do to
1. Permit only essential workers and
6. Do not keep pet birds on the farm.
What can pet birds and backyard
1. Follow state law, obtain a health
Are your exotic pet birds legally
END is a threat to the caged-bird
What is being done to prevent END
USDA-APHIS requires that all imported
Why the excitement about Exotic
END is classified as a Foreign Animal
What is the export value of poultry
Total US exports of poultry meat in
Are ring neck pheasants susceptible
Yes, death losses may be quite significant,
For more information:
Visit the USDA website:
As we know, bird shippers have been subject to an air carrier standard that birds will not be shipped if the temperature on the tarmac reaches 85 degrees F for four hours. As BSA has explained to airline personnel and officials of the United States Postal Service (USPS), such a standard was adopted under the Animal Welfare Act for the shipment of cats and dogs and should not apply day-old chicks. BSA has provided such opinions from a professor at the University of Georgia as well as the (then) Deputy Administrator of Veterinary Services of the Animal, Plant and Health Service (APHIS) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Unfortunately, airline officials have not seen fit to acknowledge this fact in their shipping policies and the USPS has taken the legal position that it cannot (read: “will not”) require the air carriers to adopt a different policy.
In order to conclusively demonstrate that the standard is inappropriate to the shipment of day-old chicks, BSA commissioned a study on the subject. That study was undertaken by personnel at the Department of Biology at Austin College in Texas and the Cooperative Extension Service at the University of California-Davis. The study is now completed and will be published in a peer reviewed professional journal in the near future. The Executive Summary of the study states:
This study was undertaken to determine the survivability of recently hatched chicks while in transit considering the variances in temperature that may occur. Neonatal chicks were exposed for four hours to an outside temperature within an 18-100 degree F range to replicate such conditions. Only two chicks died during the study in one box at 18 degrees F and one at 27 degrees F. These deaths were attributed to suffocation by three-dimensional huddling behavior of the chicks. No additional mortality occurred in the days following any of the trials. By taking body temperatures, sound recordings to determine stress, and utilizing standard shipping boxes, it was concluded that domestic chicken chicks are able to survive shipping in temperatures from 18 degrees F to 100 degrees F.
I. AIR CARRIER POLICY ON TEMPERATURE
The study has been forwarded to the staffs of Senator Charles Grassley (R-IA) and Senator Russ Feingold (D-WI). Utilizing the study the following will be undertaken:
1. Radio Broadcast – Each week Senator Grassley does a radio broadcast that is carried on 22 radio stations in Iowa. This broadcast is always monitored by personnel at the Department of Agriculture. Part of the subject matter for a recent broadcast was on the airline temperature issue for chicks. The main thrust of the message is that the Senator has been disappointed that USDA and the USPS have not forced the airlines to accept the scientific facts regarding temperature parameters for the shipment of birds by imposing the restrictions of the Animal Welfare Act as it relates to dogs and cats. Therefore, he “intends” to remedy that situation.
2. Press Release – A press release was issued from the Senator’s office on the subject.
3. Letters –
A letter from the Senator Grassley (that may be co-signed by Senator Feingold) enclosing the BSA study will be written to Ron DeHaven, now Administrator of the Animal, Plant and Health Service (APHIS) of USDA requesting him to expand on his previous letter (when he was the Deputy Administrator of Veterinary Services of APHIS) on the temperature issue but specifically mentioning temperature as it relates to air shipment of chicks.
When the reply from Dr. DeHaven is received, it will be sent by the Senator(s) to Paul E. Vogel, Vice President, Network Operations Management, USPS, along with the BSA study requesting that the USPS require air carriers to acknowledge the temperature parameters for shipment of chicks in all future contacts between air carriers and the USPS.
4. Legislation –
If the USPS refuses to require such language in its contracts with airlines (that, based on previous experience, may be the case), legislation will be introduced to mandate such adherence.
II. FEDERAL EXPRESS –
As you recall, Federal Express has taken the position that it s exempted under the language of the legislation we obtained regarding the shipment of day-old chicks by air mail. The exception states any air carriers “who commonly and regularly refuses to accept live animals as cargo” are not covered. Federal Express does, in fact, carry live animals as cargo. By contact, however, the USPS allowed Federal Express not to carry live animals by mail utilizing the discretionary language of the statute that “the Postal service may require air carriers to accept day=old poultry …to be transmitted as mail matter.” [Emphasis added].
With Congressional assistance, this matter will continue to be pursued
As has been reported, in mid-2003 Northwest Airlines (NW) decided not to contract with the United States Postal Service (USPS) to carry domestic air mail since its share of the air mail dropped from 12% of the market to 2% under a bid contract system. This absence of service would result in serious problems for bird shippers throughout the mid-west. Representatives of the Bird Shippers of America (BSA) conveyed their concern to officials at USPS, Northwest Airlines as well as Members of the Congress. As a consequence, the USPS entered into negotiations Northwest that resulted in a contract that Northwest would carry “lives” by air mail for a $1.00 per pound surcharge plus postage. This service would, however, only apply to an original point of origin at the Minneapolis-St. Paul Airport.
The service has been instituted and has been successful. However, it was clear that an additional “original point of origin” would be needed to accommodate the demand for such “live” shipment by air mail. To accommodate more mid-west shippers, Detroit, Michigan had been an airport suggested to be an additional point of origin. On April 19, 2004, the USPS has informed the Bird Shippers of America that it has obtained an agreement from Northwest that Detroit, Michigan will now be an original point of origin in addition to Minneapolis -St. Paul.
Two issues that the Bird Shippers of America are continuing to pursue with the USPS and the airline industry are the temperature question and the matter that Federal Express will not carrying day-old chicks as air mail. Federal Express has an air mail contract with the USPS but refuses to agree that it is covered by the statute mandating air carriers that carry air mail must carry day-old chicks and other animals that could be air mailed. The exception under the law is that an air carrier that “regularly and commonly” refuses to carry “any” animals as cargo, are exempt from coverage. We have informed the USPS that Federal Express does, in fact, carry animals as cargo for the pet industry, medical research, zoos and aquariums, and for the agro-business community and individuals.
As to the temperature issue, shippers of day-old poultry have continually experienced the problem that some air carriers refuse to take such shipments when the temperature reaches 85 degrees Fahrenheit (F) on the tarmac. That “benchmark” of that guideline is for the shipment of live animals under the Animal Welfare Act. However, “poultry” is exempt from the Animal Welfare Act and the regulations there under.
It has been pointed out to the USPS and the airline industry that as a practical matter, the time restrictions in the regulations of four hours at 85 degrees F, in practice, would not apply to the shipment of day-old chicks. Shippers deliver the shipments in a manner for timely air transport so there will not be extended delay before a scheduled shipment and arrangements are made for immediate pick-up at the delivery point.
It has been further explained that the more practical and scientific reason is that the 85 degree F is an inappropriate temperature level in that day-old chicks are hatched in 95 to 100 degrees F and should be kept at 95-100 degree F for up to one week of age, gradually reducing it each week.
Stephen S. Boynton
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Dear BSA Member:
Representatives of the United States Postal Service (USPS) have informed our lobbyist, Steve Boynton, that Northwest Airlines has submitted a proposal to the USPS that it would carry poultry by air mail for a non-negotiable surcharge of $1.00 per pound, plus regular priority mail postage. This charge would take effect in the later part of February. This rate, if accepted, would apply to all airlines carrying live poultry in addition to Northwest Airlines.
The USPS has finally decided to enforce the surcharge that was put into law a little over one year ago. This is $.20 per pound for parcels being sent by AIR. There have been various reports as to when this will be get going but most reports indicate it will start at any time if it has not already at some locations.
GOOD NEWS – Shippers can ship birds and customers
Just to bring you up-to-date on "where we are"
As you are aware, the President signed the "Phase
In that regard, legislation has been drafted and
In order to counter the false claims on mortality
All post offices should now accept birds for shipment
Again, folks, the grass-roots effort on Phase I was extremely effective